How do you budget when mired in debt? You know you have reduced to the limit; fluff is gone. Still, your financial adviser tells you budgeting is the certain, orderly path to debt freedom. How?
Try this three-tiered budgeting approach to emerge from debt gradually, with a strong foundation:
Money management is lifestyle management; so to succeed you must adjust your lifestyle. Take a few steps back before you start advancing; but understand that the journey could be long and slow.
This is the most difficult place to live. Deep in debt, unable to do what you want, persuaded you have sacrificed completely, you know today’s expenses exceed your income; Be cautious!
The sacrificial living level means spending, including debt repayment, below your income, consistently. It means reassessment of needs and wants to focus on “must haves” only. To start, you need to review the previous three-months’ spending. Second, track spending for one month. Third, set a goal to adjust your lifestyle to the level your income will support.
From this review, list items you must have to survive, to be ethical, and to be legal. These items alone will be in your sacrificial budget:
- Basic groceries (eliminate pop, chips, junk)
- Essential transport
- Basic housing
- Essential health care
- Essential communications
Many people’s sacrificial budgets exclude these items:
- Eating out
- Pets (This is tough to do, and highly personal)
- Paid entertainment: cable, satellite
Folks will tell you to use coupons. Be cautious; use them for needed items only. Don’t let them drive your spending.
If you own your home and the market value exceeds your mortgage, consider selling it, repaying debt, and starting over. Next, rent and save at least 20% down payment to buy a home. If your mortgage is more than the market value of the home, work with your financial institution to get help, don’t walk away.
Sacrificial living can be lonely. Consider joining an accountability group, Bible study group, or other small group. Accept your condition; don’t grumble. This is an opportunity to learn, grow, and later to help someone in your current position. Keep a journal to record progress, challenges, and set backs.
Time spent in this phase will depend on your attitude, commitment to it, and your indebtedness. Living here will be inconvenient and challenging because you must sacrifice and forego conveniences.
When the fridge, washing machine, or other appliance breaks, you can’t spend to fix or replace it. Your mantra must be: I cannot afford more debt; I am at my limit. I must be patient, humble, creative.
As you become comfortable — realistically, less uncomfortable — living at this sacrificial level, your attitude to spending will change. You will notice you need fewer clothes; you will eat out fewer times; and you won’t follow the crowd to upgrade.
When do you graduate from this stage? When you accept and can live consistently, though uncomfortably, in your income, including repaying debt, and you repay consumer debts.
This second level is where you want to build a solid foundation. It is where you fix a sustainable lifestyle without borrowing. For everything except a home, pay cash, or use a credit card and pay the full monthly balance.
To your sacrificial budget, add specific discretionary items ensuring total expenses are less than 85% of regular income. Save another 10% of regular income in a capital fund to replace items with a life longer than two years, and for major repairs. Build this account to buy big-ticket items without debt. In the first year in this level, save the remaining 5% of regular income for emergencies.
This is the level you want to operate even in difficult times. The key is to be steady in the good times, and avoid splurging. Most of all, be passionate about living at this level. You must decide when to spend always; never allow cheap financing to seduce you.
Ah; the good life. You’re confident you are maintaining a steady spending level. You are planning major discretionary spending, such as big-screen TV, boat, or hobby items, and paying for big buys from your capital fund.
In the supplemental phase, you add “nice-to-haves” without incurring debt, and without using funds saved for earlier phases.
Debt causes loneliness and inconvenience; still, it could start permanent, invaluable lifestyle-control lessons.
Getting out of debt can be frustrating, and time-consuming. The three-tiered budgeting path will help to minimize frustration and time; it is effective. Try it; the solid foundation is invaluable.
© 2012, Michel A. Bell